A Novel Treatment for Allergies
How does it work?
Allergy immunotherapy, also known as desensitization, works by gradually exposing your immune system to small amounts of the allergen that triggers your allergic reactions. Over time, this can help your body build up a tolerance to the allergen and reduce the severity of your symptoms.
What are the main types of immunotherapy?There are two main types of allergy immunotherapy: subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) and sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT). SCIT involves administering small doses of an allergen extract under the skin, while SLIT involves administering the allergen extract in the form of drops or tablets under the tongue. Both types of immunotherapy can be effective in reducing allergy symptoms and improving the quality of life for individuals with various allergies.
What involves the treatment and what is the duration?
The treatment involves receiving regular doses of the allergen extract, either through injections or sublingual drops or tablets, over a period of several months to several years. The dose is gradually increased over time until a maintenance dose is reached, which is then continued for several years. The treatment is typically performed in a clinical setting under the supervision of a healthcare professional, and you will be monitored for adverse reactions.
How soon can I expect improvement of symptoms?
It may take several months to a year before you start noticing a reduction in your allergy symptoms, and it may take several years of treatment before you reach the full benefits of the therapy. However, some patients may notice an improvement in their symptoms within the first few months of treatment.
Does immunotherapy also improve my asthma or atopic eczema?
Allergy immunotherapy may also improve asthma or atopic eczema, as these conditions are often triggered by the same allergens that cause allergies. Studies have shown that immunotherapy can help reduce the severity of asthma and eczema symptoms in some patients, although the results may vary from person to person. It's important to talk to your healthcare provider to determine if allergy immunotherapy is a good option for you and your specific health condition.